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Science Definitions – How to Make Soap

Before you begin making homemade soap you may want to learn some science definitions. Why is it important? There is a science behind making soap. Some chemicals can be very potent and caution should be heeded. Homemade soap goes through a process of soap formation called saponification. Do you know what saponification means? If you studied science definitions you would know the answer. There is chemistry involved in learning how to make soap. Chemicals are reacting with each other and can be very potent. If you do not understand how chemicals react or the properties they contain then you will have difficulty, for certain, making homemade soap.

Chemicals such as lye, essential oils, glycerin, natural extracts, soap making oils and more should all be understood and used with caution. One example, before working with lye, proper safety precautions should be used. Lye can cause very serious burns if it directly contacts the skin. What should you do if lye does contact the skin or any area surrounding your soap making project? If you knew your science definitions you would know the answers to these very important questions. Knowing these ingredients will, also, be beneficial for making your homemade soap recipes.

Making homemade soap can be a lot of fun, but it does have an expense just like any other hobby or project. If you knew your science definitions, you could save time and money. Are there certain ingredients you would like to know about? Learn with science definitions or science terms.

The reason most people make their own homemade soap is because they know it is healthier for their skin than modern, commercial, soap! How is it healthier? Do you know what parabens are? If you knew your science definitions you would understand the dangers of parabens, found in most commercial soaps! You would, also, learn of homemade soaps and many other homemade skin care products made with a paraben-free preservative!

Take time and learn science definitions, science facts, science terms, science lessons and, even, fun science trivia about making homemade soap! You will be learning from a master soap maker who teaches soap making classes, soap demonstrations, soap workshops and more throughout the southeast USA! You can, even, see soap science and saponification in progress by watching a clip from a soap making DVD! This DVD has step-by-step, easy, soap making instructions! You can learn an abundance of soap making information!

Before you begin making homemade soap, stop, and take time to learn the science facts. Learning science definitions can be your starting point for learning how to make soap! Get started! Have fun making your very own homemade soap!

Trimble is establishing SITECH Technology Dealers in the Americas, Europe and Asia Pacific regions by Strathclyde and Associates

Strathclyde Associates Trading and Management Construction Company News: Trimble has announced today that a SITECH Technology Dealer has been established to serve contractors in Florida, Georgia and Alabama. SITECH South East joins the network of SITECH dealerships – the first fully dedicated global distribution network offering the most comprehensive portfolio of construction technology systems available to the heavy and highway contractor.

SITECH Technology Dealers represent Trimble machine control systems for the contractor’s entire fleet of heavy equipment regardless of machine brand, along with Trimble’s portfolio of Connected Site(TM) solutions–site positioning systems, construction asset management services, software and powerful wireless and Internet-based site communications infrastructure.

Strathclyde Associates Trading and Management Construction Company News: The experienced construction professionals at each SITECH Technology Dealership can advise contractors on the appropriate construction technology solutions to utilize, and can provide high-quality local customer service, personalized training and technical support. As authorized dealers for Trimble site-wide solutions, the SITECH Technology Dealers understand how to apply innovative construction technology to help solve a variety of contractors’ construction challenges. Leveraging technology, contractors can gain greater insight into their operations, enabling them to lower operating costs and improve accuracy, safety and productivity.

Through the adoption of construction technology, contractors can experience new levels of productivity that enable more competitive bidding on projects. SITECH Technology Dealers offer the most advanced and complete set of tools to revolutionize the construction workflow.

Strathclyde Associates Trading and Management Construction Company News: Trimble is establishing SITECH Technology Dealers in the Americas, Europe and Asia / Pacific regions. SITECH South East will serve heavy and highway contractors throughout the states of Florida, Georgia and Alabama involved in a range of earthmoving applications such as the construction of roads, highways, railways and airports as well as site prep for large commercial, industrial and residential projects.

SITECH South East was formed by Southern Precision, Inc. (SPI) and Trimble.

Strathclyde Associates Construction Management: Strathclyde Associates Trading and Management Construction Company made a number of associations mainly in the Pacific and Southeast Asia regions. These business partnerships added extra strength to Strathclyde Associates Trading and Management Construction Company. We are proud to be associated with projects in countries including Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore and Seoul, S Korea.

Software as a Service or SaaS Technology Definition and Advantages

It truly is a more competitive world out there. Businesses know that to be at par with the competition and to grow at a rapid pace, they need to drive innovation within the company and find partner organizations that are cutting edge and would help them dominate the market quickly using practical, simple and cost effective methods.

Rob Purdy, CEO of Carlton Group, a leading edge technology provider, said that in 2011, the IT Channel Planet reported on an IBM survey which said that “mid size businesses are shifting investment priorities more towards innovation and growth and a significant portion of resources are likely to be allocated towards “SaaS” computing. About 70 % of the respondents intended to work with a local channel partner to help meet their technology objectives.”

What exactly is Software as a Service or “SaaS” Technology and why has it become important for businesses?

Information technology research and advisory company Gartner describes SaaS as software thats managed, delivered and owned remotely by providers which could be one or more. The infrastructure and the IT operations that support the applications are also outsourced to the vendor or a different provider. The application that the vendor delivers is an application thats based on one set of data definitions and common code which are then consumed in a one-to-many model by customers at any time. If the software needs to be installed on-premises using the companys infrastructure, that is not SaaS technology.

A Gartner Group estimate put the 2010 sales of this technology at $10 billion and the 2011 sales at about $12.1 billion. By 2015, the IT advisory company estimates that sales figures for SaaS will double the 2010 numbers.

Purdy, citing the Wikipedia definition, said that Saas is “a software delivery model in which software and its associated data are hosted centrally and accessed by users using a web browser over the internet.”

Why are more and more companies choosing Saas? Purdy said the following reasons:

1. He said that many large performance improvement companies have made the decision to migrate their client solutions to SaaS technology because it is much more affordable than traditional software to maintain, faster to implement and in most cases can be fully managed by the end customer.

2. SaaS technology delivers secure, affordable, scalable and easily accessible method to deliver employee recognition performance, loyalty training and even global reward management solutions all on a global scale.

3. SaaS keeps companies competitive. Purdy said, “Companies stand to reap massive rewards by incorporating SaaS solutions into their offerings. Performance improvement companies who do not offer SaaS solutions are less competitive simply because most enterprise level organizations are already using or considering using SaaS technology.

4. Software as a Service or “SaaS” Technology delivers simplicity. “In the words of Martin Henry Fisher, knowledge is a process of piling up facts,” Purdy shared. “Wisdom lies in their simplification. And nothing speaks volumes like simplicity to your customers.”

New Technologies in Finance Joseph Wilk on Banking Technology

Joseph Wilk, credit card and debit card transaction specialist and owner of Millennium Merchant Services, has seen rapid changes in the credit card processing industry recently. Joseph Wilk works primarily with countertop credit and debit processing terminals, wireless satellite terminals, and electronic check readers, but these are only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to financial technology. Companies around the world are working to take finance related practices digital and to mainstream those technologies.

Currently, financial companies are jumping to adopt digital wallet technologies. Digital wallets, Joseph Wilk NJ explains, can be used both to purchase items online and in stores. They also can serve as verification devices in situations where identification is needed, such as when purchasing alcohol. Digital wallets can best be understood as multi-part systems, consisting of an individual device, an application that is run on it, and the supporting infrastructure. Joseph Wilk knows that the devices that support digital wallets are often things like smart phones. Various digital wallets are currently being marketed by Visa, Apple, MasterCard, PayPal, and others. Consumers are so far less eager than banks to adopt this new technology, although one does sometimes see someone paying for a product by using a phone.

Digital check guarantee and conversion through the use of electronic check readers is a form of technology of which Joseph Wilk NJ is much more certain. Also known as remote deposit, these check readers allow a check to be electronically scanned and deposited into any checking account. This process was hesitantly adopted and only made legal in 2004 through what is known at the Check 21 act. After a slow start, remote deposit is frequently used by businesses today with the wide availability of digital check scanning technology.

Joseph Wilk NJ knows that, with all of the changes going on in digital banking, banks are looking for ways to keep their customers safer. Citibank, for examples, has replaced the magnetic strip on its cards with a smart chip for increased security. Most banks devote a significant amount of their web presence to addressing security concerns. The has government even stepped in, requiring that banks use a two-step authentication process to verify online banking log-ins. Banks also largely use a process of encryption or scrambling any time there is a transfer of personal or financial data. With banking rated as the second most common activity performed online, it is critical to take extra security steps.

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Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

Benefits Of Fax Over IP Technology In Small Businesses

Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) technology has become standard in many offices and storefronts. It provides higher bandwidth and better capabilities than traditional phone lines. Faxing has changed because of the introduction of VoIP technology. Traditional fax machines that used modulated sound to transmit data are being replaced by software-based digital systems. Small businesses can benefit in a number of ways by switching to fax over IP technology.

Reliability

One of the ways fax over IP can help a small business is by improving the reliability of transmissions. Traditional faxes rely on signal modulation to send and receive data. Inconsistencies in the telephone lines, minor hardware issues and even different fax machines can cause these transmissions to fail or to become corrupted. The fax over IP technology is digital and the data has a very low to non-existent chance of loss. This makes digital faxes far more reliable.

Lower Costs

Fax over VoIP will save small businesses money over traditional faxing technologies. VoIP protocols can be sent across any network line. They can also be interpreted by a wide range of technologies from computers to multifunction printers and even mobile devices. This makes it unnecessary to maintain dedicated phone lines. It also decouples faxing from older fax machines that require constant maintenance, paper and toner.

Environmentally Friendly

Sending fax over VOIP in a network through a line can be done completely electronically. Small businesses do not need to feed a paper printout of an invoice or report into a machine. Similarly, faxes that have been received do not need to be printed immediately or at all. Sending and receiving faxes can be done through a software interface. Faxes can be sent and received as digital files that are viewed on computer screens or mobile devices. This allows a small business to be more environmentally friendly without having to sacrifice the convenience of faxing.

Better Access for Employees

The traditional way of sending faxes involved loading a machine, dialing a number and then waiting for a confirmation. This is time consuming and inefficient especially when multiple people need to send a fax. Fax over IP technology makes it possible for employees to send faxes seamlessly from a desktop or other device. The fax can be added as a network device similar to a printer. Employees can simply send documents to the fax from within different programs.

Higher Quality Faxes

A large benefit for modern businesses is higher quality faxes. Fax over IP can encode documents created digitally. There are no scanning or resolution issues. People who receive the fax will see the document exactly as it was created. This can make it easier to send documents that include detailed charts, small graphics or complex illustrations. The individual pixel will not run together and become illegible because of issues with an optical scanner at the last minute.

Books on Society and Social Sciences

Society & Social Sciences books give us the information regarding the society, tradition, culture and human behaviours. These books can be considered as the combination of information and study in relation to human behaviours and the society and comprise a number of disciplines of social science which is a term normally used to represent numerous fields further than the natural sciences. Psychology Books, Politics & Current Events Books and Society & Culture Books are included in the category of books on Society & Social Sciences. The disciplines of social science are knowledge branches that are usually taught at the college and researched at the university level.

Social science books are helpful for research and PHD studies as lot of thesis and analysis are drawn out in social science books. These books are great to build and shape the character of the person.

Information on Psychology Books

The students who are willing to learn human behaviours are greatly interested in Psychology books. The science of psychology undertakes behavioural changes and mental process. Psychology books embrace distinguished topics on emotional behaviour of an individual or a group. These books are quite easy for reading as well as understanding. Some of the popular Psychology books are: Personality development, The road to you your success, How to win friends and influence people, Managing stress. Basically, these books are integrated in the art students’ course. They are obtainable in book stores as well as online at different costs. Some of the top brands are: Bantam Books, Free Press, Harper Collins, Hay House, Penguin Books.

Books on Politics & Current Events and Society & Culture

The research and academic discipline, political science handles the theory as well as practice of politics and the analysis and description of political behaviour and political systems. Political science is diverse methodologically. The process for applying coercive power legitimately is politics. Generally, the term of politics is used for the science or art of running state or governmental affairs, together with behaviour inside civil governments. A few popular books on Politics & Current Events: The Prince, Modelling as Negotiating, The Political Dynamics of Computer Models in the Policy Process. Top brands for these books are Hay House, Penguin Books. Some of the books on Society & Culture are: Pukhtoon Society in Transition, The Power of Intention, Police in Contradiction; The Evolution of the Police Function in Society. Top brand for books on Society & Culture is Penguin Books.

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Modern Technology In Sports

What is it about sport that makes it so attractive to people? Is it the adrenaline rush of competitive and/or dangerous sport? Is it the feel good factor of recreational sport; is it the opportunity of socialising with others, or perhaps all of the above? Whatever the reasons may be, sport is certainly getting more and more popular, especially in the developed world.

A major factor in the popularity of sport is the role of modern technology. Improvements in modern technology have resulted in better playing conditions and equipment for players as well as greater viewing pleasure for spectators.

Perhaps the greatest changes have taken place in the designing of sporting facilities – such as modern sports surfaces and improved artificial lighting that offer increased opportunity to play. Modern sports surfaces are low maintenance, therefore low cost, and allow year round use. Professional technical expertise is needed to design and install a modern sports surface. Properties such as its rebound resistance, slip resistance, and shock absorption are measured to ensure that the surface is going to provide optimum playing conditions for that sport, whilst giving players ease of movement and adequate protection from injury. Regular maintenance of sports surfaces, both outdoor and indoor is recommended to ensure safety of players.

Along with an increased number of players there are also an increased number of viewers all over the globe. With the spread of satellite TV, events in one part of the world can be watched real time, in another. Modern flood lighting has not only allowed greater use of sports facilities at the recreational level, but also made possible higher-level competition fixtures such as day-night cricket matches, night-time football matches etc. Electronic score boards, photo-finish timing devices, slow motion replays and large viewing screens have also added to the viewing pleasure of spectators.

Modern materials are used in the manufacture of synthetic sports surfaces as well as sports equipment. Third generation synthetic grass is made from polymers and provides a maintenance free all-weather surface for sports. The use of composite materials makes sports equipment such as rackets and protective gear, lighter and more durable, enabling athletes to further improve their performance. Advances in modern technology have also led to improvements in the design of sports equipment such as trainers and sports shoes, starting blocks for use in athletics, pole vaults etc.

Whilst it is difficult for the average user of sporting equipment to keep up with the latest developments, as a guide in the UK sports equipment and sports facilities and surfaces should comply with British standards. Some governing bodies of individual sports also offer certification to demonstrate compliance with international standards.

The Importance Of Keeping Accurate Notes In Science

Science is a progressive act. This means that progress in science is a tedious process that requires diligent efforts with respect to record keeping because in the case of every scientist, figuring out everything about a field of study, such as any given sub-niche of chemistry, is impossible, even in a lifetime. Record keeping is of utmost importance and accurate record keeping can and will make the difference between work that is successfully continued by a scientist’s successors and work that is not successfully continued.

In the field of science, all of us stand on the shoulders of giants. In other words, we all learn from our predecessors and build on what they have taught us. However, we are able to learn only from those who have successfully transcribed their knowledge in an accurate and concise fashion so as to facilitate the propagation of the knowledge to those who follow.

Accurate lab notes are a must. Accurate lab notes will have a variety of properties including but not limited to:

An accurate introductory description of the process or processes being studied. For the information following the introduction to be understood in it’s proper context, an accurate introductory description has to be described clearly. Why is this subject of interest? What is the current understanding of the subject and why does it need to be studied further? What questions need to be answered before true progress can be made? All of these question should be covered in the introduction.

Clear and concise methodology. The work that is performed or is to be performed must be clearly spelled out for those reading the notes to understand the important steps to be taken to repeat and confirm the results. Each step must be labeled in detail and must be done so in a way that can be repeated using the notes alone. This is important if results are to be duplicated.

Well documented and understandable results. The results that are discovered by the initial experimenter should also be spelled out in clear detail as they may differ from the results obtained by those following them and trying to repeat their work. If results differ, this should be clearly noted by the scientists attempting to repeat the work and differences in results should also be clearly noted.

Objective conclusions. Conclusions should be recorded and based on evidence and results obtained. If data or results have discrepancies, these should be noted and discussed in the conclusion.

Science and Health Scientist Addresses Cancer Concerns Related to Atrazine

Elizabeth Whelan, President of the American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) posted a great entry on ACSHs Health Facts and Fears blog on the growing attempts by activist groups to convince the EPA to ban atrazine due to cancer claims and other health concerns.

Atrazine is one of the most widely used herbicides in the world. It helps farmers fight weeds on corn, sugar cane and other crops, leading to dramatic increases in crop yields. Without it, our food supply would be in jeopardy. Activists want the public to believe that atrazine causes cancer and birth defects, but its simply not true. Whelan writes:

“Atrazines health and safety record is stellar. The Safe Drinking Water Act requires monitoring for a multitude of chemicals, including atrazine. Levels of atrazine in U.S. waters are well within the federal lifetime drinking water standard a level containing a 1,000-fold safety buffer. The Environmental Protection Agency in 2006 completed a 12-year review involving 60,000 different studies and concluded that the current use of atrazine poses “no harm” to the general population infants, children and adults. According to this same regulatory agency (which oversees pesticide use) atrazine is “one of the most closely examined pesticides in the marketplace.”

Whelan points out that many activists are not willing to accept this assessment and were able to cast doubts upon the issue with the EPA. As a result, last fall the EPA announced it would initiate a re-re-re-evaluation of atrazine and health. These activists will not be happy until the EPA bans this herbicide, which would then open the door for activists to attack more chemicals, claiming they are unsafe.

Finally, Whelan points to the media for “scaring” the public into thinking that these “chemicals” are unsafe and that the manner in which they are evaluated should be changed:

“Many of the recent media chemical scares, like the two hour “toxic” presentation on CNN, argue that a) there are tens of thousands of “chemicals” out there; and b) the current government policy, assuming these chemicals are safe until contrary evidence was presented, must be reversed so that a chemical is considered hazardous until it is “proven safe.” But how do you prove something to be safe? Its like trying to prove a negative it cant be done. The example of atrazine with decades of safe use, thousands of studies that found no harm to humans and years of getting a green light from EPA (which is not known for understating chemical risks) leaves us with the question: After all these evaluations and years of use, if atrazine doesnt meet the criteria for “safety,” what chemical possibly could?”